loops in linux

loops in Linux shell scripts

Loops in Linux shell scripts is something you will inevitably face once writing more complex scenarios. They are nothing new for those who have at least some sort of programming experience, since they exist in pretty much any programming language. Loops are control structures to repeatedly execute a block of code as long as a specified condition is true. They are essential for automating repetitive tasks and processing large amounts of data efficiently. Since loops are a fundamental programming concept, they of course exist in bash (or any other shell).

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regex negate

negate something in regex using negative lookahead

If you wish to negate something in regex, one of the easiest and most reliable ways to do it is to employ negative lookahead assertion. Having a need to split the set of objects into different categories with some “other” / “default” / “the rest” option is one of the most common use cases where this approach can be used.

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wildcard expansion

convert wildcard in file name into relevant static file name

Sometimes you might encounter cases when files are named somewhat weird and makes it hard to use them for automated analysis purposes. In such cases, wildcard expansion becomes a very useful concept. For example, some applications tend to write their logs into log files with some additional information in file names, like:

[root@linux ~]# ls -l /var/log/demo/
total 76
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 19125 Mar 15 13:48 2024-03-13.demo.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 29580 Mar 15 13:49 2024-03-14.demo.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 22100 Mar 15 13:49 2024-03-15.demo.log
[root@linux ~]#

Say log file is being written to as long as calendar date matches the current one. And what if you want to set some automated analysis of such log files, but to do it only for the relevant one, to which application currently writes?

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bash check permissions

check ownership and permissions for absolute path easily

I couldn’t count times when asking someone to check permissions in Linux for some file I was given answer which was something like:

[root@linux ~]# ls -l /var/log/httpd/access_log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 17245040 Mar 13 13:38 /var/log/httpd/access_log
[root@linux ~]#

So all looks good – file is readable. But is it really?

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IP to country

retrieving country codes from IP automatically

I once had a need to monitor the origin of HTTP requests, track it in real time from web server log. Since this need was actually nothing more but pure curiosity, I was not willing to pay for it. So I started looking for free solutions for this purpose – convert IP to country. Here is what it all ended at…

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